Sources for electronic circuits

Every electronic circuit requires some source of energy for its operation. The electrical energy may be supplied either in the form of a voltage or current. The electrical device which supplies the electrical energy required for the operation of an electronic circuit is known as a source.

Types of sources :

The sources required for the electronic circuits are of the following two types:

  1. Current source
  2. Voltage source
All the voltage and current sources may be classified into two categories are,
  1. Alternating current (A.C.)
  2. Direct current (D.C.)

Internal resistance of source :

All sources of electrical energy, either voltage or current have some internal resistance and value of resistance in ohm. The internal resistance of a source may be due to the following reason.

  • The resistance of an electrolyte between the electrodes in the case of dry cell.
  • The resistance of an armature winding in the case of D.C. generator or an alternator.
  • The output resistance of an active device like a transistor in case of capacitor, signal generator or regulated D.C. supply.

The D.C. resistance offered by a source is known as an internal resistance.

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