There is the difference between active and passive components are given below table.
|The active component is a device which can amplify the output signal of electronic circuit with more power in it than the input signal.
||Passive component is a device which control or modify the output of the electronic circuit without playing an active role in its performance.
|Active component deliver power or energy to the circuit.
||The passive element employs the power or energy in the circuit.
|It includes the electrical components such as diodes, transistors, integrated circuits (ICs), battery and etc.
||It includes the electrical components such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, conductors and transformers.
|It can control the flow of current.
||It cannot control the flow of current.
|It may introduce the gain.
||It does not introduce any gain.
|It requires external source for the operations.
||It does not require any external source for the operations.
|Generally it has unidirectional functions.
||It has bidirectional function.
|It is widely used in personal computers (PC).
||It is widely used in MP3 player, washing machine and etc.