Properties of aviation petrol are as follows :
- Flashpoint: 38 0C
- Auto-ignition temperature: 210 0C
- Freezing point: -40 0C
- Open air burning temperature: 287.50C
- Density at 150C : 0.807kg/L
- Calorific value :11,500 cal/g
- Boiling point: 40 to 1020C
Aviation petrol may contain a number of an additive such as :
- Antioxidants to prevent gumming, usually based on alkylated phenols.
- Artistic agents to dissipate static electricity and prevent sparking e.g. dinonylnaphthylsulfonic acid.
- Corrosion inhibitors e.g. DCL-4A used for civilian and military fuels.
- Fuel system icing inhibitor (FSII ) agents e.g. diethylene glycol monomethyl ether.
- point – of – sale so that users with heated fuel lines do not have to pay the extra expense.
- Biocide is used if bacterial colonies exist inside the fuel system.