|Elements of a structure below the damp proof course (DPC), including the ground floor and foundations, are known as the “Substructure”.
||All the internal and external elements of a building above the substructure are referred to as the “superstructure.”
|Structure component below plinth up to footing.
||Structure component above plinth up to the top.
|Transfers load received from the superstructure to foundations strata.
||Transfers load from the upper part to the substructure.
|Foundation (pile/ spread footing)
|Any structure above baring
||Example: roof, beams, floor