Difference between substructure and superstructure building

Substructure building Superstructure building
Elements of a structure below the damp proof course (DPC), including the ground floor and foundations, are known as the “Substructure”. All the internal and external elements of a building above the substructure are referred to as the “superstructure.”
Structure component below plinth up to footing. Structure component above plinth up to the top.
Transfers load received from the superstructure to foundations strata. Transfers load from the upper part to the substructure.
Foundation (pile/ spread footing)
Pier (column)
Abutment
Any structure above baring
Wearing surface
Example: footing Example: roof, beams, floor

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