Civil Engineering Archive

What are the uses of cement

Major works of civil engineering in which cement is used are as follows: Cement is a binding material used to bind different type of construction materials together. It is formed from argillaceous, siliceous, calcareous etc. Cement is

What is load bearing structure

In load-bearing structure, the entire load of the superstructure is transferred to the walls as roof and floors are directly supported, on walls. Walls, in turn, transfer the load to the underlying soil through wall footing. This

Different types of footings

There are different types of footings such are : Spared Footing Wall Footing Isolated Footing Column Combined footing Cantilever or strap Footing Inverted arch footing Spared Footing It is the most common shallow foundation used to transfer

What is superstructure?

The superstructure is that part of the building which is constructed above the plinth level. The compounds of the superstructure are walls, pillars columns, doors, windows, lintels, arches, floors, ceiling, beam, stairs, and roof. the superstructure may

What is pile foundation

A pile is defined as a slender column of transferring the structural load the deep underlying Layers. Foundations provide support to the structure, transfers the loads from the structure to the soil. The piles, therefore, have end

What are grillage foundation

When a column carries heavy structural loads which are to be transferred to the soil of low bearing capacity, grillage foundation is founded to be very suitable. this type of foundation avoids deep excavation. It is particularly

What is raft foundation?

Raft or mat foundations Raft foundation is also known as Mat foundation. Definition of raft foundation along with working principle, when to choose raft, types of raft foundation, materials of raft foundation, raft construction steps etc are

Important of various types of loads on a building structure

The types of loads acting on structures for buildings Dead load Live load Wind load Earthquake load Dead load (D.L) It is defined as the force whose magnitude, positions and direction remain constant. It is the load

Classification of foundation

The depth of foundation below ground surface is on the most important criteria on which the type of foundation depends. If the depth of foundation is less than the width of foundation then it is known as

Function of building foundation

The function of building a foundation The low artificially built part of a structure which transmits the load of the structure to the ground is called foundation. Foundation of a structure is always constructed below the ground