Civil Engineering Archive

What are the types of dams

The various types of dams are as follows Earthen Dams Rockfill Dams Gravity Dams Hollow masonry gravity dams Arch Dams Steel dams Timber dams Earthen Dam The earthen dam has been constructed for long time part. They

State the different types of weir

The weirs may be divided into following three classes Masonry weirs with a vertical drop Rockfill weirs with sloping aprons Concrete weir with sloping downstream glacis Masonry weirs with a vertical drop The weir consists of a

Types of spillways

Depending on their utility, spillways are divided into two main types Main spillways or service spillways Emergency spillways Main spillways or service spillways They are masonry or concrete structure which functions for a designed flood in the

What is storage reservoirs

The pool of water created by the construction of a dam across a river is called reservoir. When the reservoir remains in water supply during the rainy season and releases it during dry period as per requirement,

What are dams?

A dam can be defined as an impervious barrier or an obstruction built across a natural stream or river to store the water on upstream of it up to a certain level. The dam is constructed to

Collection of solids waste

Collection of solids waste [ dry refuse] In order to keep the environment clean and healthy, the refuse should be removed quickly. The frequency of refuse collection mainly depends on the quantity of reuse generated, size of

What is meant by weir?

A weir is an impervious barrier constructed across a river to raise its water level on its upstream side and divert the water into the canal taking off from its upstream side. The top of the weir

What are the various methods of sewage disposal

After conveying the sewage through sewers, the next step is its disposal. The sewage can be disposed of without treatment or after suitable treatment finally, the sewage is disposed of either in natural water courses or on

Processes in wastewater treatment layout

There are three types of operations and processers Physical unit operation Chemical unit processes Biological unit processes Physical unit operations The physical unit’s operations in which application of physical forces predominate consist of the following Screening Comminution

What are the main features of municipal solid waste

The main features of the directive under the MSWR are summarized below Appropriate arrangement of infrastructure equipment and facilities and facilities for collection, temporary storage, final collection and transportation of solids waste In four categories-biodegradable, recyclable, debris